Ailments & Remedies

Ailments List




A sleep disorder, Insomnia is characterised by difficulty in sleeping or persistently keeping awake even after effort. It is also termed as a condition when a person has difficulty in maintaining sleep and initiating the sleep process.



Insomnia may be caused due to medical problems, psychiatric reasons or primary sleep problems. Insomnia can be categorised into 3 types. i).Transient (7 days)  ii). Short term (1-3 weeks)  iii). Chronic (above 3 weeks). The transient and short term may be caused by jet lag, shift duties, noise pollution, too much heat or coldness in the room, stressful situations in life like job loss, divorce or exams. It can also be caused by drug or alcohol abuse. Chronic insomnia may be due to psychiatric or physiological problems. Psychological insomnia may be caused due to anxiety, stress or depression. Physiological insomnia may be caused due to chronic pain, fatigue, or heat and stomach problems. Medications, constipation, overeating, excessive smoking and hormonal changes in women also at times may cause insomnia. For some, medical problems like asthma, acid reflux, allergies, high blood pressure or chronic pain might also be responsible for insomnia. Stimulants such as caffeine or nicotine before bedtime may lead to insomnia.



People with insomnia often complain of not being able to sleep or waking up many times during the night and trouble getting back to sleep after awakening. Very often the daytime symptoms of insomnia are the ones that are helpful in people seeking help medically. They include poor attention span, concentration, difficulty in remembering, irritability, headaches and drowsiness. A person might find it difficult to fall asleep regardless of being tired. Sometimes a person can also wake up not feeling refreshed. Continual changes in the sleep pattern and changes in duration as well as quality of sleep may also cause problems. 



The doctor starts with taking down a thorough medical history of the person. The doctor will see if it is a medical related or psychiatric related insomnia. The doctor will evaluate the condition after a physical examination of the patient. In some cases, a patient may be asked to take a few tests to check for any underlying medical conditions that could be causing insomnia.



Various complementary and alternative therapies can help improve the symptoms and treat the condition. Advice should be sought from a qualified practitioner for treatment options.

Common Remedies

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